Grounding Urban Governance on Housing Affordability: A Conceptual Framework for Policy Analysis. Insights from Vienna


Abstract


Growing and attractive cities, such as Vienna, globally face housing crises. Urban land rent (inflated by the huge housing demand in attractive areas and the consequent housing shortage) is transferred to housing prices and results in increasingly unaffordable and inaccessible cities. Housing affordability is a critical factor for enjoying the use value of housing and the broader set of values associated with cities. To assure urban agglomerations' inclusiveness and spatial justice, urban governance should be "grounded" on affordability by redistributing land rent and keeping housing prices hooked on income levels. However, the relation between urban land rent and housing affordability is rarely connected in Housing studies. Furthermore, it is often neglected by urban governors, generally competing to increase housing prices and attract investments. This article contributes to fill this policy/research gap and offers new conceptual avenues for the analysis of urban housing affordability governance. A theoretical basis and a coherent analytical framework for policy analysis are empirically applied in a case study of the city of Vienna, focusing on affordable rental housing. Based on peculiarities—of history, political stability, and a solid welfare system—the Viennese case offers relevant insights for disentangling the complex network of policies and institutions that ground urban growth on affordability.

Keywords: Housing affordability; Policy analysis; Urban land rent; Urban governance; Vienna

References


Aalbers M. B. (2016), The Financialization of Housing. A political Economy Approach, New York: Routledge.

Albouy D., G. Ehrlich, and Y. Liu (2016), “Housing Demand, Cost-of-Living Inequality, and the Affordability Crisis”, National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Article 22816.

Amann W. (2005), “The Austrian System of Social Housing Finance”. Book of Abstracts: 2005 European Real Estate Society conference in association with the International Real Estate Society.

Anacker K.B. (2019) “Introduction: housing affordability and affordable housing”, International Journal of Housing Policy, 19(1): 1-16.

Andreucci D., M. García-Lamarca, J. Wedekind, and E. Swyngedouw, (2017), “Value Grabbing: A Political Ecology of Rent”, Capitalism Nature Socialism.

Annunziata S., L. Lees (2016), “Resisting ‘Austerity Gentrification’ and Displacement in Southern Europe”, Sociological Research Online, 21(3):148-155.

Artle R. (1973), “Cities as public goods”, Electronic research laboratory of the University of California, Berkley.

Bourne L.S. (1981), The Geography of Housing, London: Arnold.

Bramley G. (1994), “An affordability crisis in British housing: Dimensions, causes and policy impact”, Housing Studies, 9(1): 103–124.

Bricocoli M., Salento A. (2019), “Housing and the grounded city: rent extraction and social innovations”. In Barbera F., Rees Jones I. (Eds.), The Foundational Economy and Citizenship: Comparative perspectives on civil repair, Policy Press.

Camagni R. (2016), “Urban development and control on urban land rents”, Annals of Regional Science, 56: 597–615.

Cavicchia R. (2021), “Are green, dense cities more inclusive? Densification and housing accessibility in Oslo”, The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability.

Clark E. (2014), “Good Urban Governance: Making Rent Gap Theory Not True”, Geografiska Annaler: Series B Human Geography, 96 (4): 392–395.

Czischke, D., G.van Bortel (2018), “An exploration of concepts and polices on ‘affordable housing’ in England, Italy, Poland and The Netherlands”, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment.

Engelen E., Froud J., Johal S., Salento A., and Williams K. (2017), “The grounded city: from competitivity to the foundational economy”, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 10, 3: 407–423.

Eurostat (2020), 2019 current market rents, Retrieved August 3, 2021: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/6939681/7243182/Booklet_2020_rents_2019_e.pdf/c77c6c5a-48e4-0ed3-424a-02bcc99a2e7e

Fainstein S.S. (2010), The just city, New York: Cornell University Press.

Förster W. (2020), 2000 Jahre Wohnen in Wien, Berlin: Jovis.

Franz Y., Gruber E. (2018), “Wohnen „für alle“ in Zeiten der Wohnungsmarktkrise?”, Standort, 42: 98–104.

Friesenecker M. and Y. Kazepov (2021), “Housing Vienna: the socio-spatial effects of inclusionary and exclusionary mechanisms of housing provision”, Cogitatio, 9(2), pp. 77-90.

Getzner M., J. Kadi (2020), “Determinants of land consumption in Austria and the effects of spatial planning regulations”, European Planning Studies, 28:6, 1095-1117.

Haffner M., Hulse K. (2021), “A fresh look at contemporary perspectives on urban housing affordability”, International Journal of Urban Sciences, 25 (1): 59-79.

Harvey D. (1989), “From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation in Urban Governance in Late Capitalism”, Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, 71 (1): 3-17.

Hoekstra J. (2020), “Comparing Local Instead of National Housing Regimes? Towards International Comparative Housing Research 2.0”, Critical Housing Analysis, Volume 7, Issue 1, p. 74-85.

Kadi J. (2015), “Recommodifying housing in formerly “Red” Vienna?”, Housing, Theory and Society, 32 (3): 247-265.

Kadi J., Vollmer L., Stein S. (2021) “Post-neoliberal housing policy? Disentangling recent reforms in New York, Berlin and Vienna”, European Urban and Regional Studies.

Kampschulte A. (2006), “New perspectives for Vienna: Repositioning between East and West”, in: Schneider-Sliwa R. (ed), Cities in Transition. The GeoJournal Library, vol 83.

Kazepov Y. (ed) (2005), Cities of Europe: Changing Contexts, Local Arrangement and the Challenge to Urban Cohesion, The Wiley Blackwell, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Kazepov Y. (ed) (2010), Rescaling social policies: towards multilevel governance in Europe, Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Kemeny J. (1995), From public housing to the social market. Rental policy strategies in comparative perspective, London: Routledge.

Knoll K., M. Schularick, and T. Steger (2017), “No price like home: Global house prices, 1870-2012”, American Economic Review, 107(2): 331-353.

Lawson J. (2010), “Path Dependency and Emergent Relations: Explaining the Different Role of Limited Profit Housing in the Dynamic Urban Regimes of Vienna and Zurich”, Housing, Theory and Society, 27(3): 204-220.

Matznetter, W. (2002) “Social Housing Policy in a Conservative Welfare State: Austria as an Example”, Urban Studies, 39(2): 265–282.

Mullins D., V. Milligan, N. Nieboer (2017), “State directed hybridity? The relationship between non-profit housing organizations and the state in three national contexts”, Housing Studies.

Mundt A., W. Amann (2018), "Wiener Wohnbauinitiative": a new financing vehicle for affordable housing in Vienna, Austria", In van Bortel G., V. Gruis, J. Nieuwenhuijzen, and B. Pluijmers, Ben (Eds.), Affordable Housing Governance and Finance. Innovations, Partnerships and Comparative Perspectives. Milton: Routledge.

Novy A., D. C. Swiatek, and L. Lengauer (2013), “Vienna between east and west: The construction of a new transborder Central European region”, in Martinelli M., F. Moulaert, and A. Novy (eds) Urban and regional development trajectories in contemporary capitalism, 106-126, London and New York: Routledge.

OECD (2020), Policy actions for affordable housing in Latvia, Retrieved August 3, 2021: http://www.oecd.org/economy/latvia-economic-snapshot/

Pamer V. (2019), “Urban planning in the most liveable city: Vienna”, Urban Research & Practice, 12:3, 285-295.

Peverini M. (2019), “More than affordable Housing. Potentials and challenges of new emerging actors in the development of affordable housing supply”, paper presented at the European Network of Housing

Research 2019 conference, Athens.

Ritt T. (2015) Gutes Wohnen in einer wachsenden Stadt. Stadtpunkte: Wien Wächst Wien Wohnt [Good housing in a growing city]. Wien: Arbeiterkammer, pp.

–45.

Rohe W. (2017), “Tackling the housing affordability crisis”, Housing Policy Debate, 27(3): 490-494.

Schluder M. (2005), 10 Jahre Bauträgerwettbewerb. Veränderungen im Wohnbau, report: https://www.wohnbauforschung.at/index.php?inc=download&id=5505.

Seiß R. (2007), Wer baut wien, Salzburg: Anton Pustet.

Sendi R. (2014), “Housing Accessibility Versus Housing Affordability: Searching for an Alternative Approach to Housing Provision”, Sociologija i proctor, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 239-259.

Smith, A. (1776), An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations: Volume One, London: W. Strahan, and T. Cadell.

Smith N. (1979), “Toward a Theory of Gentrification A Back to the City Movement by Capital, not People”, Journal of the American Planning Association, 45(4): 538-548

Soja E.W. (2010), Seeking spatial justice, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Tafuri M. (1980), Vienna rossa. La politica residenziale nella Vienna socialista (1919-1933), Milano: Mondadori.

The Foundational Economy Collective (2018), Foundational economy: the infrastructure of everyday life, Manchester University Press.

Tosi A. (1994), Abitanti. Le nuove strategie dell’azione abitativa, Bologna: Il Mulino.

Urban Agenda for the EU (2018), “The Housing Partnership ACTION PLAN”, Retrieved August 3, 2021: https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/housing/housing-partnership-final-action-plan

Wetzstein S. (2017), “The global urban housing affordability crisis”, Urban Studies 54(14): 3159–3177.

Wetzstein S. (2021), “Toward Affordable Cities? Critically Exploring the Market-Based Housing Supply Policy Proposition”, Housing Policy Debate.

Wohnfonds_wien (2021), Tätigkeitsbericht 2020 [Activity report 2020], Retrieved August 3, 2021: www.wohnfonds.wien.at/media/Website%20PDF-INFO%20Downloads/%C3%BCber%20uns/Ta%CC%88tigkeitsbericht_2020.pdf

Whitehead C.M.E. (1991), “From need to affordability: an analysis of UK housing objectives”, Urban Studies, 28(6): 871-887.

Whitehead C.M.E., J. Goering (2020), “Local affordable housing dynamics in two global cities: patterns and possible lessons?”, International Journal of Urban Sciences, ahead of print.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia License.