Why we need to build a planetary sense of community


The aim of this position paper is to argue that after Covid19, we have a terrific opportunity to develop a planetary sense of community to confront systemic problems such as climate change, racism, sexism, socioeconomic  and power disparities. This tangle of different crises is making both the earth and us human sick and spreading huge amounts of physical, psychological and political pain. Only if we all become more aware of the interconnections between the crisis, each of us prioritizes, and all the others, then we have a better chance to begin to develop a planetary sense of community.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i24212113v6i2-2p140

Keywords: sense of community; climate change


org (2020). In defence of black lives. https://350.org/global-in-defence-of-black-lives/

Adam, K., & Derber, C. (2016). The new feminized majority: How democrats can change America with women' s values. Blackwell’s For Learning for Life.

Arcidiacono, C., Procentese F., & Di Napoli I. (2007). Youth, community belonging, planning and power Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 17(4), 280-295. https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.935

Bond, M. A., Serrano-García, I., Keys, C. B., & Shinn, M. (2017). APA handbooks in psychology. APA handbook of community psychology: Theoretical foundations, core concepts, and emerging challenges. American Psychological Association.

BroadbandSearch (2020). Average daily time spent on social media. https://www.broadbandsearch.net/blog/average-daily-time-on-social-media

Cicognani, E., Zani, B., & Albanesi, C. (2012). Il senso di comunità. In B. Zani (Ed.), Psicologia di comunità. Prospettive, idee, metodi (pp. 163-194). Carocci.

Clayton, S., & Manning, C. (2018). Psychology and climate change: Human perceptions, impacts, and responses. Elsevier.

Cohn, R. (2011). Exploring humanity’s place in the journey of the universe, YaleEnvironment360, 1-3. https://e360.yale.edu/features/faith_and_environment_mary_evelyn_tucker_on_exploring_the_spiritual_side_of_the_journey_of_the_universe

Dittmer, L.D., & Riemer, M. (2012). Fostering critical thinking about climate change: Applying Community psychology to an environmental education project with youth. Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice, 3(x), 1-9. http://www.gjcpp.org

Economist. (2020). What if technology tracked all carbon emissions? The Economist. https://www.economist.com/the-world-if/2020/07/04/what-if-technology-tracked-all-carbon-emissions

EEA (2019). Air quality in Europe - 2019 Report. European Environmental Agency, No 10/2010. https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/air-quality-in-europe-2019

EJ Atlas. (2020). What is this project about? https://ejatlas.org/about

ELGA (2020a). Founding documents, Oslo manifesto. https://elgaworld.org/oslo-manifesto

ELGA (2020b). Founding documents, Siena declaration. https://elgaworld.org/founding-documents

Ettman C., Abdalla, S. M., & Cohen, G. H. (2020). Prevalence of depression symptoms in US adults before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, JAMA Netw Open, 3(9), e2019686. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19686

EU (2020a). Financing the green transition: The European green deal investment plan and just transition mechanism, Newsroom. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/newsroom/news/2020/01/14-01-2020-financing-the-green-transition-the-european-green-deal-investment-plan-and-just-transition-mechanism

EU. (2020b). A European green deal, striving to be the first climate-neutral continent. https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en

EU (2020c). The European green deal investment plan and just transition mechanism explained. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/qanda_20_24

Falk, R. (1994). The making of global citizenship. In B. van Steenbergen (Ed.), The condition of citizenship (pp. 127-140). Sage Publications.

FFF (2020). Circa 7 anni per agire Fridays For Future Italia. https://www.fridaysforfutureitalia.it/crisi-climatica

Francescato, D. (1986-2018). Stare bene insieme a scuola. Carocci

Francescato, D., Tomai M., & Mebane M. (2004). Psicologia di comunità per la scuola, l’orientamento e la formazione Esperienze faccia a faccia e online. Il Mulino.

Francescato, D. (2010). Amarsi da grandi. Mondadori.

Francescato, D. (2013). Community psychology practice competencies in undergraduate and graduate programs in Italy. Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice. https://doi.org/10.7728/0404201303

Francescato, D., Mebane, M., & Vecchione, M. (2017). Gender differences in personal values of national and local Italian politicians, activists and voters. International Journal of Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12236

Francescato D. (2019). “Con Greta, con Greta salviamo il pianeta.”: Una ribellione dalle molte facce per ottenere azioni contro i cambiamenti climatici. La camera blu. Rivista di studi di genere (20), https://doi.org/10.6092/1827-9198/6171

Francescato D. (2020). Ricominciare Meglio, p. 1. Wall Street International Journal Magazine, May 13.

Francescato G., De Marzo, G., Martone, F., & Pratesi, F. (2002). No global. Da Seattle a Porto Alegre. Libri Scheiweller.

Francescato, G. (2018). Madre Terra, cuore dell’Enciclica. Altronovecento. http://www.fondazionemicheletti.it/altronovecento/articolo.aspx?id_articolo=39&tipo_articolo=d_saggi&id=365

Fuller, T., & Flavelle, T. (2020). A Climate reckoning in fire-stricken California, New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/10/us/climate-change-california-wildfires.html

Harari, Y.N. (2019). 21 Lessons for the 21st Century. Spiegel & Grau.

Hayes, C. (2006). In search of solidarity. These Times. https://inthesetimes.com/article/in-search-of-solidarity

IPCC (2018). Special report: Global warming of 1.5 degree centigrade, summary for policymakers. https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/

Kelly P.M., & Adger, W., N. (2000). Theory and practice in assessing vulnerability to climate change and facilitating adaptation. Climatic Change 47(4). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005627828199

Kristof, N. (2020). A cataclysm of hunger, disease and illiteracy The New York Times. A cataclysm of hunger, disease and illiteracy The New York Times, Saturday and Sunday September 2020, p.8.

Le Quéré, C., Jackson, R.B., Jones, M.W., Smith A. J.P., Abernathy, S., Andrew, R.M., De-Gol, A.J., Willis, D. R., Shan, Y., Canadell, J.G., Friedingstein, P., Crutzig, F., & Peters, G. P. (2020). Temporary reduction in daily global CO2 emissions during the COVID-19 forced confinement. Nature Climate Change, 10, 647–653. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0797-x

Lustgarten, A., (2020a), The great climate migration. New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/07/23/magazine/climate-migration.html?referringSource=highlightShare

Marcomin, F., & Cima, L. (2017). L’ecofemminismo in Italia. Le radici di una rivoluzione necessaria. Il Poligrafo.

Martini ,E.R., & Sequi, R. (1995). Il lavoro di Comunità. Carocci.

McDougal, M.S., Riesman W.M., & Willard, A. R. (1998). The world community: A planetary social process. Davis Law Review. ALWD. https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3682&context=fss_papers

McMillan, D. W., & Chavis, D. M. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. Journal of Community Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6629(198601)14:13.0.CO;2-I

Mebane W. (2020a). Global warming and Coronavirus are not distant cousins. Wall Street International Journal. https://wsimag.com/economy-and-politics/61809-global-warming-and-coronavirus-are-not-distant-cousins

Mebane W. (2020b). Have you considered becoming a green investor?, Wall Street International Magazine. https://wsimag.com/economy-and-politics/60829-have-you-considered-becoming-a-green-investor

Mebane, M., & Francescato, D. (In press). Do you feel more a citizen of the world or of your home town? (personal communication)

Moro, G. (2020). Cittadinanza, Lessico Democratico. Mondadori Università.

Nasa (2013). Why we explore. https://www.nasa.gov/exploration/whyweexplore/ why_we_explore_main.html#.X2YGWC8RrUo

Nelsen, A. (2015). Islamic leaders issue bold call for rapid phase out of fossil fuels, The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/aug/18/islamic-leaders-issue-bold-call-rapid-phase-out-fossil-fuels

Nielsen, K. S., Clayton, S., Stern, P. C., Dietz, T., Capstick, S., & Whitmarsh, L. (2020). How psychology can help limit climate change. American Psychologist. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000624

Pew Research. (2020). A majority of young adults in the U.S. live with their parents for the first time since the Great Depression. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/09/04/a-majority-of-young-adults-in-the-u-s-live-with-their-parents-for-the-first-time-since-the-great-depression/

Pope Francis. (2020). Message of His Holiness for the world day of prayer for the care of creation. http://www.vatican.va/content/francesco/en/messages/pont-messages/2020/documents/papa-francesco_20200901_messaggio-giornata-cura-creato.html

Prilleltensky, I., & Nelson, G. (2009). Community psychology: Advancing social justice. In D. Fox, I. Prilleltensky, & S. Austin (Eds.), Critical psychology: An introduction (p. 126–143). Sage Publications Ltd.

Raskin, P., Banuri, T., Gallopin, G., Gutman, P., Hammon, A., Kates R., & Swart, R. (2002). Great transition: The promise and lure of the times ahead, a report of the global scenario group. Stockholm Environment Institute – Boston, Tellus Institute

Riemer, M., & Harré, N. (2017). Environmental degradation and sustainability: A community psychology perspective. In M. A. Bond, I. Serrano-García, C. B. Keys, & M. Shinn (Eds.). APA handbook of community psychology: Methods for community research and action for diverse groups and issues (p. 441-456). American Psychological Association.

Riemer, M., & Reich, S.M. (2011). Community psychology and global climate change: Introduction to the special section. American Journal of Community Psychology 47, p. 351, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9397-7)

Roewe, B. (2020). 42 faith groups in 14 countries announce divestment from fossil fuels. EarthBeat. https://www.ncronline.org/news/earthbeat/42-faith-groups-14-countries-announce-divestment-fossil-fuels

Sarason, S. B. (1974). The psychological sense of community: Prospects for a community psychology. Jossey-Bass.

Schwartz, J. (2019). In ‘strongest’ climate ruling yet, Dutch court orders leaders to take action. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/20/climate/netherlands-climate-lawsuit.html

Slater, P. (1972). The pursuit of loneliness: America's Discontent and the search for a new democratic ideal. Beacon Press.

Smith, N. (2014). The dark side of globalization: Why Seattle protesters were right. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/01/the-dark-side-of-globalization-why-seattles-1999-protesters-were-right/282831/

Thunberg, G., Thunberg, S., Ernman, M., & Emman B. (2019) Our house is on fire: Scenes of a family and a planet in crisis. Penguin Books.

Turner, B. (2017). Contemporary citizenship: Four types. Journal of Citizenship and Global Studies, 1(1),147-158. https://doi.org/10.1515/jcgs-2017-0002

UN (1987). Report of the world commission on environment and development: Our common future, chairman’s foreword. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5987our-common-future.pdf

UN (2012). Future we want. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/futurewewant.html

UNEP (2019a). Emissions Gap Report 2019. https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/30797/EGR2019.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

UNEP (2019b). Emissions Gap Report 2019. https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/30797/EGR2019.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

UNFCCC (2015). What is the Paris agreement? https://unfccc.int/process-and-meetings/the-paris-agreement/what-is-the-paris-agreement

Voorhees, C., & Perkins, D. D. (2007). Is ecological research ecological? Is research validity valid? Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Community Research and Action, Pasadena, CA.

Watkins M., & Shulman, H. (2008), Toward psychologies of liberation. Palgrave Macmillan.

Wikipedia (2020). Regional effects of climate warming. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_effects_of_global_warming

World Wildlife Fund (2008). Weathercocks and signposts: The environment movement at crossroads. https://wwf.panda.org/wwf_news/?140621/Weathercocks-and-signposts-the-environment-movement-at-a-crossroads

Wu, X., Nethery, R.C., Sabath, B.M., Braun, D., & Dominici, F. (2020). Exposure to air pollution and COVID-19 mortality in the United States. Harvard University. https://scholar.harvard.edu/xiaowu/publications/exposure-air-pollution-and-covid-19-mortality-united-states

Zani, B. (2012). Psicologia di comunità. Prospettive, idee e metodi. Roma: Carocci.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia License.