آموزش وردپرس ساخت اپلیکیشن

#APIsforBlackLives: Unpacking the interracial discourse on the Asian American Pacific Islander and Black communities


Abstract


In this paper we use the Ecological Metaphor to illustrate a complex and multilayered picture of the relationship between Black and Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) communities, exploring how different forces operate when two marginalized communities interact within an oppressive system.  This frame highlights the impact of history and systems/community level adaptations that produced the current day interracial dynamics we see within the #BlackLivesMatter movement.  More specifically, we shed light on a shared history of solidarity, the intentional puppeteering of AAPIs to uphold White supremacy and maintain a divide between racialized oppressed communities, and the internalized racialized images that inhibit community coalition building.  Lastly, (1) we call to challenge the miseducation of our histories and one another’s communities,  lest we continue to perpetuate this history, (2) to prioritize the preservation and healing of communities and bodies of color, especially Black Lives, and (3) to stand in solidarity.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i24212113v4i2p73

Keywords: Black; African American; Asian Americans; Asian American Pacific Islanders; Black Lives Matter; Asian American Activism

References


Ancheta, A. N. (2006). Race, Rights and the Asian American Experience. 2nd Ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Bernal, G., Trimble, J.E., Burlew, A. K., & Leong, F. T. L., (2003) Introduction. In G. Bernal, J.E.Trimble, A. K.Burlew & F. T. L. Leong, (Eds), Handbook of Racial and Ethnic Minority Psychology (pp. 1-12). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Bonilla-Silva, E. (2004). From bi-racial to tri-racial: Towards a new system of racial stratification in the USA. Ethnic & Racial Studies, 27(6), 931-950. DOI: 10.1080/0141987042000268530

Brand, D. (1987, August 31). The new whiz kids: Why Asian Americans are doing so well and what it costs them. Time, 130, 42–46.

Chan, S. (1991). Asian Americans: An Interpretive History. Boston, MA: Twayne.

Chou, C. C. (2008). Critique on the notion of model minority: An alternative racism to Asian American?. Asian Ethnicity, 9(3), 219-229. DOI: 10.1080/14631360802349239

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic (Original work published in 1968).

Hancock, A. (2011). Solidarity politics for millennials: A guide to ending the oppression Olympics. New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan.

Ho, F., & Mullen, B. V. (2008). Afro Asia: Revolutionary political and cultural connections between African Americans and Asian Americans. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Huang, N. (2017, October 20). Good immigrant, bad immigrant: What the repeal of DACA means for undocumented Asian Americans.

Hyphen Magazine. Retrieved from https://hyphenmagazine.com

Inman, A. G., Tummala-Narra, P., Kaduvettoor-Davidson, A., Alvarez, A. N., & Yeh, C. J. (2015). Perceptions of race-based discrimination among first-generation Asian Indians in the United States. The Counseling Psychologist, 43(2), 217-247. DOI: 10.1177/0011000014566992

Jung, S. (2015, April 6). I dream of Asian America #JusticeforAkaiGurley. Race Files. Retrieved from http://www.racefiles.com/2015/04/06/i-dream-of-asian-america-justiceforakaigurley/

Kelly, J. G. (2006). Becoming ecological: An expedition into Community Psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Kim, C. J., & Lee, T. (2001). Interracial politics: Asian Americans and other communities of color. PSOnline. Retrieved from www.apsanet.org.

Kim, G. S. (2015). Asian Americans as model minority. In W. G. Scarlett (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Classroom Management (pp. 45-46). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Kim, P. Y., & Lee, D. (2014). Internalized model minority myth, Asian values, and help-seeking attitudes among Asian American students. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 20, 98-106. DOI: 10.1037/a0033351

Lee, S. J., Wong, N.-W. A., & Alvarez, A. N. (2009). The model minority and the perpetual foreigner: Stereotypes of Asian Americans. In N. Tewari & A. N. Alvarez (Eds.), Asian American Psychology: Current Perspectives (pp. 69–84). New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Lo, C. (1992). Communities of challengers in social movement theory. In A. D. Morris & C. M. Mueller (Eds.) Frontiers in Social Movement Theory. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Marinari, M. (2005). Racial formation and success among Korean high school students. The Urban Review, 37, 375–398. DOI:10.1007/s11256-005–0019-x

Maslin Nir, S. (2016, February 12). Officer Peter Liang convicted in fatal shooting of Akai Gurley in Brooklyn, The New York Times, pp. A1.

Min, P. G. (1996). Caught in the middle: Korean communities in New York and Los Angeles. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.

Ojo-Ade, F. (2001). Africans and racism in the new millennium. Journal of Black Studies, 32, 184-211. DOI: 10.1177/002193470103200203

Omatsu, G. (2000). The “four prisons” and the movements of liberation. In M. Zhou & A. C. Ocampo (Eds.). Contemporary Asian America: A multidisciplinary reader. 3rd Ed. (pp. 60-97). New York, NY: New York University Press.

Omi, M., & Winant, H. (2015). Racial formation in the United States. 3rd Ed. New York, NY: Routledge.

Pak, Y. K., Maramba, D. C., & Hernandez, X. J. (Eds.). (2014). Asian Americans in Higher Education: Charting New Realities: AEHE, Volume 40, Number 1. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

Peterson, W. (1966). Success story: Japanese-American style. New York Times, 6, 20–43.

Poupart, L. (2003). The familiar face of genocide: Internalized oppression among American Indians. Hypatia, 18, 86 –100. DOI: 10.1111/j.1527-2001.2003.tb00803.x

Rumbaut, R. G. (2000). Profiles in resilience: Educational achievement and ambition among children of immigrants in Southern California. In R. D. Taylor & M. C. Wang (Eds.), Resilience across contexts: Family, work, culture, and community (pp. 257–294). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Ryerson Espino, S. L., & Trickett, E. J. (2008). The spirit of ecological inquiry and intervention research reports: A heuristic elaboration. American Journal of Community Psychology, 42(1-2), 60-78. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-008-9179-7

Sharma, N. (2017). The racial studies project: Asian American studies and the Black Lives Matter campus. In Cathy J. Schlund-Vials (Ed.), Flashpoints for Asian American Studies (pp. 48-65). New York, NY: Fordham University Press.

Success story of one minority group in the U.S. (1966, December 26). U.S. News & World Report, p. 73.

Tran, N., & Birman, D. (2010). Questioning the model minority: Studies of Asian American academic performance. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 1(2), 106-118.

Trickett, E. J., Kelly, J. G., & Todd, D. M. (1972). The social environment of the high school: Guidelines for individual change and organizational redevelopment. In S. G. Golann & C. Eisdorfer (Eds.), Handbook of Community Mental Health (pp. 331–406). New York, NY: Appleton Century Crofts.

Uba, L. (2002). A postmodern psychology of Asian Americans: Creating knowledge of a racial minority. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Vasquez, H. & Magraw, S. (2005). Building relationships across privilege. In M. Mirkin, K. Suyemoto, & B. Okun (Eds.). Psychotherapy with women: Exploring diverse contexts and identities. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Wang, F. K-.W. (2016, July 28). Asian American advocates call for solidarity for Black Lives Matter. NBC News. Retrieved from https://www.nbcnews.com/news/asian-america/asian-american- advocates-call-solidarity-black-lives-matter-n618756

Weston Phippen, J. (2016, April 19). Sentencing for Peter Liang: The former New York Police Department officer will not spend a day in prison. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2016/04/peter-liang-sentenced/478248/

Wu, E. (2014). The color of success: Asian Americans and the origin of the model minority. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Yam, K. (2017a, October 17). Asian-Americans hold week-long protest against Trump’s anti-immigrant policies. Huffington Post. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com

Yam, K. (2017b, December 10). Asian-American, Black activists rally together for immigrants in their communities. Huffington Post. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com

Yoon, I. J. (1997). On my own: Korean businesses and race relations in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia License.