Testing the phrase completion response option format in a Sociopolitical Control Scale for Youth


Abstract


Measurement of psychological empowerment among youth has relied on scales that use a Likert-type format, which has been subject to critique. Phrase completion is a technique that has been introduced as an alternative to the Likert-type format. This study tested the application of a phrase completion response option format in a measure of psychological empowerment, the abbreviated Sociopolitical Control Scale for Youth, with data from a sample of high school students (n = 202) from an economically disadvantaged community located in the northeastern United States. Prior to testing the new measure, we evaluated the validity of the abbreviated version of the original scale using the Likert-type format with data from a separate sample of high school students (n = 977) from the same geographic community. Results supported the validity of both formats of the scale; however, the performance of scores from the phrase completion format was superior to the Likert-type format. Findings imply that the phrase completion format, which heretofore has not appeared in the empowerment literature, may be considered a useful form in which to construct instruments that are intended to measure empowerment among youth.


Keywords: empowerment; sociopolitical control; measurement

References


Aguiar, J. (2013). Empowerment–a relational challenge. Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice, 3(4).

Arbuckle, J.L. (2014). IBM SPSS Amos 23 user’s guide. Chicago, IL: IBM SPSS.

Banyard, V., Weber, M. C., Grych, J., & Hamby, S. (2016). Where are the helpful bystanders? Ecological niche and victims’ perceptions of bystander intervention. Journal of Community Psychology, 44(2), 214-231. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21760

Barbieri, I., & Zani, B. (2015). Multiple sense of community, identity and wellbeing in a context of multi culture: A mediation model. Community Psychology in Global Perspective, 1(2), 40-60.

Bentler, P. M., & Chou, C. P. (1987). Practical issues in structural modeling. Sociological Methods & Research, 16(1), 78-117. doi: 10.1177/0049124187016001004

Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1992). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. Sociological Methods & Research, 21(2), 230-258. doi: 10.1177/0049124192021002005

Bunger, A. C. (2013). Administrative coordination in nonprofit human service delivery networks: The role of competition and trust. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 42(6), 1155-1175. doi: 10.1177/0899764012451369

Christens, B. D. (2012). Toward relational empowerment. American Journal of Community Psychology, 50(1-2), 114-128. doi: 10.1007/s10464-011-9483-5

Christens, B. D., Krauss, S. E., & Zeldin, S. (2016). Malaysian validation of a sociopolitical control scale for youth. Journal of Community Psychology, 44(4), 531-537. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21777

DeVellis, R. F. (2016). Scale development: Theory and applications (Vol. 26). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Dunderdale, K., Thompson, D. R., Beer, S. F., Furze, G., & Miles, J. N. (2008). Development and validation of a patient-centered health-related quality-of-life measure: the Chronic Heart Failure Assessment Tool. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 23(4), 364-370. doi: 10.1097/01.JCN.0000317439.82704.e8

Finstad, K. (2010). Response interpolation and scale sensitivity: Evidence against 5-point scales. Journal of Usability Studies, 5(3), 104-110.

Flanagan, C.A., Syvertsen, A.K. & Stout, M.D. (2007). Civic measurement models: Tapping adolescents’ civic engagement (CIRCLE Working Paper 55). College Park, MD: Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement.

Hakim, S., Crigan, N., & Buzu, A. (2013). Construind viitorul lor propriu/Building their own futures: Making youth leadership development work in the Republic of Moldova. Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice, 4(1).

Hodge, D. R., & Gillespie, D. F. (2003). Phrase completions: An alternative to Likert scales. Social Work Research, 27(1), 45-55.

Hodge, D. R. & Gillespie, D. F. (2005). Phrase completion scales. In K. Kempf-Leonard (Eds.). Encyclopedia of social measurement, 3, 53-62. San Diego: Academic Press.

Hodge, D. R., & Gillespie, D. F. (2007). Phrase completion scales: a better measurement approach than Likert scales? Journal of Social Service Research, 33(4), 1-12. doi: 10.1300/J079v33n04_01

Holden, D. J., Evans, W. D., Hinnant, L. W., & Messeri, P. (2005). Modeling psychological empowerment among youth involved in local tobacco control efforts. Health Education & Behavior, 32(2), 264-278. doi: 10.1177/1090198104272336

Itzhaky, H., Zanbar, L., Levy, D., & Schwartz, C. (2013). The contribution of personal and community resources to well-being and sense of belonging to the community among community activists. British Journal of Social Work. doi: 10.1093/bjsw/bct176

Krauss, S. E., Collura, J., Zeldin, S., Ortega, A., Abdullah, H., & Sulaiman, A. H. (2014). Youth–adult partnership: Exploring contributions to empowerment, agency and community connections in Malaysian youth programs. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(9), 1550-1562. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-0027-1

Lenzi, M., Vieno, A., Santinello, M., Nation, M., & Voight, A. (2014). The role played by the family in shaping early and middle adolescent civic responsibility. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 34(2), 251-278. doi: 10.1177/0272431613485822

Leung, S. O. (2011). A comparison of psychometric properties and normality in 4-, 5-, 6-, and 11-point Likert scales. Journal of Social Service Research, 37(4), 412-421. doi: 10.1080/01488376.2011.580697

Likert, R. (1932). A technique for the measurement of attitudes. Archives of Psychology, 140, 1-55.

Lum, M., Garnett, M., & O’Connor, E. (2014). Health communication: A pilot study comparing perceptions of women with and without high functioning autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(12), 1713-1721. doi: 10.1016/j.rasd.2014.09.009

Marshall, J. H., Davis, M. C., Lawrence, E. C., Peugh, J. L., & Toland, M. D. (2016). Mentors’ perceived program support scale: Development and initial validation. Journal of Community Psychology, 44(3), 342-357. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21772

Martínez, M. L., Loyola, L. I., & Cumsille, P. (2015). Quality of participation in youth organizations relationships with identity and sense of sociopolitical control. Youth & Society. doi: 10.1177/0044118X15604341

Maton, K. I. (2008). Empowering community settings: Agents of individual development, community betterment, and positive social change. American Journal of Community Psychology, 41(1-2), 4-21. doi: 10.1007/s10464-007-9148-6

McAllister, M., Dunn, G., Payne, K., Davies, L., & Todd, C. (2012). Patient empowerment: The need to consider it as a measurable patient-reported outcome for chronic conditions. BMC Health Services Research, 12(1), 157. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-12-157

Miguel, M. C., Ornelas, J. H., & Maroco, J. P. (2015). Defining Psychological Empowerment Construct: Analysis of three empowerment scales. Journal of Community Psychology, 43(7), 900-919. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21721

Morton, M. H., & Montgomery, P. (2013). Youth empowerment programs for improving adolescents’ self-efficacy and self-esteem: A systematic review. Research on Social Work Practice, 23(1), 22-33. doi: 10.1177/1049731512459967

Paloma, V., García-Ramírez, M., Camacho, C., & Olmedo, L. (2016). How are we studying migrant well-being? A critical view from a liberating community psychology approach. Community Psychology in Global Perspective, 2(1), 73-86.

Peterson, N.A., Lowe, J.B., Hughey, J., Reid, R.J., Zimmerman, M.A. & Speer, P.W. (2006). Measuring the intrapersonal component of psychological empowerment: Confirmatory factor analysis of the sociopolitical control scale. American Journal of Community Psychology, 38, 287-297. doi: 10.1007/s10464-006-9070-3

Peterson, N. A., Peterson, C. H., Agre, L., Christens, B. D., & Morton, C. M. (2011). Measuring youth empowerment: Validation of a sociopolitical control scale for youth in an urban community context. Journal of Community Psychology, 39(5), 592-605. doi: 10.1002/jcop.20456

Petrillo, G., Capone, V., & Donizzetti, A. R. (2016). Classroom sense of community scale: Validation of a self-report measure for adolescents. Journal of Community Psychology, 44(3), 399-409. doi: 10.1002/jcop.21769

Rappaport, J. (1981). In praise of paradox: A social policy of empowerment over prevention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 9(1), 1-25. doi: 10.1007/BF00896357

Rappaport, J. (1987). Terms of empowerment/exemplars of prevention: Toward a theory for community psychology. American Journal of Community Psychology, 15(2), 121-148. doi: 10.1007/BF00919275

Reid, R. J., Garcia-Reid, P., Klein, E., & McDougall, A. (2008). Violence-related behaviors among Dominican adolescents: Examining the influence of alcohol and marijuana use. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 7(4), 404-427. doi: 10.1080/15332640802508028

Russell, C. J., & Bobko, P. (1992). Moderated regression analysis and Likert scales: Too coarse for comfort. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(3), 336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.77.3.336

Serrata, J. V., Hernandez-Martinez, M., & Macias, R. L. (2016). Self-empowerment of immigrant Latina survivors of domestic violence: A promotora model of community leadership. Hispanic Health Care International, 14(1), 37-46. doi: 10.1177/1540415316629681

Stevens, E. B., Jason, L. A., Ferrari, J. R., Olson, B., & Legler, R. (2012). Sense of community among individuals in substance abuse recovery. Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery, 7(1), 15-28. doi: 10.1080/1556035X.2012.632319

Sturgis, P., Roberts, C., & Smith, P. (2014). Middle alternatives revisited: How the neither/nor response acts as a way of saying “I Don’t Know”. Sociological Methods & Research, 43(1), 15-38. doi: 10.1177/0049124112452527

Watts, R.J. & Flanagan, C. (2007). Pushing the envelope on youth civic engagement: A developmental and liberation psychology perspective. Journal of Community Psychology, 35, 779-792. doi: 10.1002/jcop.20178

Worthington, R. L., & Whittaker, T. A. (2006). Scale development research: A content analysis and recommendations for best practices. The Counseling Psychologist, 34(6), 806-838. doi: 10.1177/0011000006288127

Wright, A. J., & Stern, S. (2016). The role of spirituality in sexual minority identity. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 3(1), 71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000139

Zani, B., & Cicognani, E. (2012). Sense of community in the work context. A study on members of a co-operative enterprise. Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice, 3(4).

Zimmerman, M. A. (1995). Psychological empowerment: Issues and illustrations. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23(5), 581-599. doi: 10.1007/BF02506983

Zimmerman, M.A. (2000). Empowerment theory: Psychological, organizational, and community levels of analysis. In J. Rappaport & E. Seidman (Eds.), Handbook of community psychology (pp. 43-63). New York: Plenum Press.

Zimmerman, M.A. & Zahniser, J.H. (1991). Refinements of sphere-specific measures of perceived control: Development of a sociopolitical control scale. Journal of Community Psychology, 19, 189-204. doi: 10.1002/1520-6629(199104)19:23.0.CO;2-6


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia License.