Cavità carsiche sedi di culto nelle murge sud-orientali: un patrimonio da salvaguardare


La sacralità di luoghi di culto è spesso correlata a soggetti naturali quali foreste, grandi alberi, monti, grotte ecc. Le grotte hanno rappresentato una soglia fra il mondo conosciuto e l'ignoto. In questa breve nota si presenta il risultato parziale di uno studio per il recupero del patrimonio carsico del Consorzio "Trulli, Grotte, Mare", nelle Murge S-E. In tale area il secolare rapporto tra uomo e natura ha favorito il perdurare di suggestioni, anche religiose, alimentate dall'alone di mistero che circonda l'ambiente carsico. Sono state prese in esame e censite quelle cavità naturali divenute luoghi di culto, al fine di valutarne lo stato di conservazione e, qualora necessario, delineare azioni mirate alla loro salvaguardia.
The sacrality of many places of cult is often related to particular environmental features such as woods, big trees, mountains, caves etc.The underground world, as it represents a threshold between the known and the mystery, always stimulated and fascinated the collective imaginary during the human kind evolution.These places constitute part of our naturalistic and socio-cultural heritage: that's why they ought to be kept safe. In this paper the authors introduce a preliminary result of a wider study finalized to the knowledge and the recovery of the karstic heritage within the Consortium "Trulli, Grotte, Mare", in the south-eastern Murge (Apulia, Italy). People inhabiting this area is still strongly linked to the country traditions: for centuries the community lived in a land characterized by both epigean and hypogean karst. The secular relationship between man and nature, sometimes a hard cohabitation with stony and thirsty fields, favored the birth and the persistence of suggestions, also religious, fed by the mystery surrounding the underground environment. The authors began a study regarding those natural caves that became places of cult after events that stimulated the popular imaginary, with the purpose to assess their state of maintenance and, if necessary, to delineate a strategy for their preservation.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i15910725v26supp267

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