The hydrozoa: a new classification in the ligth of old knowledge


The Hydrozoa, on the basis of embryological, developmental and morphological features, are considered as a superclass of the phylum Cnidaria comprising three classes: the Automedusa (with the subclasses: Actinulidae, Narcomedusae and Trachymedusae), characterised by direct development of the planula into a medusa; the Hydroidomedusa (with the subclasses: Anthomedusae, Laingiomedusae, Leptomedusae, Limnomedusae, and Siphonophorae), characterised by a polyp stage budding medusae through a medusary nodule; and the Polypodiozoa, with complex endocellular parasitic life cycles.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i15910725v24p3

Keywords: Cnidaria; Hydrozoa; Automedusa; Hydroidomedusa; Polypodiozoa; life cycles; development; classification; phylogeny

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