Per una mitologia critica. La favola della realtà e la realtà della favola = For a critical mithology. The fable of the reality and the reality of the fable


Myth has long been regarded as something, which is not capable of grabbing the traditional notion of truth. Hans Blumenberg defined this pre-comprehension, which denies every legitimacy to the mythical apparatus, “absolutism of reality”. Because of this historical and theoretical prejudice, the Truth seems to have forgotten its proper history: it has implicitly denied the narration of its own history, backing out of the practice of tale and fable. The Truth, in short, denies of being subjected to an historical transformation which characterizes the essence of Myth. Here is why we are dealing with an ideological removal of a mythical content which consists in a process of continuous metamorphosis, namely in the everlasting capacity of identification and transformation of the whole reality. In this regard, in order to call into question an idea of truth which removes reality from its own original essence, we can focus on Nietzsche’s analysis of both Truth and Fable. From On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense until The Twilight of the Idols, the German philosopher has been able to underline the false nature of the traditional idea of Truth by giving new life, in spite of the absolutism of reality, to the vital dynamics of possibility.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i22840753v1n1p25

Keywords: mythology; Nietzsche; modernity; moral

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